2 of 2 The story of how weber and others who came before will be remembered, as the country becomes the first in the Western world to have a mandatory labour law.
As part of the government’s economic stimulus package announced on Tuesday, labour laws have been mandatory in Canada since 2008.
While they are widely seen as important for the economy, they are also controversial.
Many believe the law will lead to greater employment discrimination, such as when women are barred from applying for jobs.
The law also has the potential to impact on the work-life balance.
“The law is not designed to eliminate discrimination in the workplace, but it is intended to reduce it,” says Michael Zivadin, a labour economist at the University of Ottawa.
“That’s why people like the legislation.
If you have more women applying for the same job, that is a win for women in the labour force.”
The law does not specifically address labour shortages, so the impact of the law on labour supply is unclear.
But a recent report by the Ontario College of Economics says the law could help employers increase the number of workers available to fill certain jobs.
That’s because, if a woman in Ontario is not available to work in the province, employers could take advantage of the lack of labour in the region to find another candidate.
The report notes that the labour shortage in the industry could be temporary and the lack that is created will offset the negative impact of any temporary shortage.
“If the shortage exists for a few months and then goes away, there will be an impact, but if it goes on for a while and there’s a shortage, that could be a very large impact,” Zivarin says.
While the law is expected to improve employment opportunities, it is also likely to raise tensions between employers and workers, according to Zivadan.
“It’s going to be a difficult time, and there will certainly be challenges in the short term,” he says.
Zivadins study on the impact on employment was published last year and has been updated.
It is a comprehensive study of how the labour supply affects employment and income across Canada, including data on job vacancy rates, wages and unemployment.
The new report estimates that the minimum wage is likely to reduce employment by 2.5% in the economy over the next decade, according the report.
In the short-term, there are also signs that the law might be having an impact on wages, although the report does not provide a full estimate of how that would affect people’s incomes.
The minimum wage, which was raised in 2016 to $11.25 per hour from $10.25, has also been blamed for a rise in the unemployment rate to more than 10%.
However, the new report shows that while the minimum is likely having a negative impact on labour-market participation, the effect is more pronounced in the longer-term.
“There’s evidence that it actually improves labour-force participation,” Ziladin says.
“This has a lot to do with the longer term.”
Zivadi says the report suggests that the current minimum wage of $11 per hour may be too low.
“We’re seeing it being raised because of an expansion of the economy,” he said.
“But it’s not about the minimum.”
The government has promised to review the law in the coming months.
“I think there are a lot of challenges ahead,” Ziliad says.