New Caledonia is the latest country to pass laws to prevent “separate but equal” housing.
The law was announced by Prime Minister Muhamed Dahlan in an address to the National Assembly on Monday.
“We must create a state where everyone can live according to his or her potential,” he said.
“This can only be achieved by the full implementation of the laws on segregation.”
Dahlan said the government was seeking “to remove the barriers that hinder people from moving into our country”.
“Today’s legislation is a step towards this goal,” he added.
“The law recognises that in our diverse society, people who live with others of the same faith, race, or gender, regardless of their economic circumstances, have the right to live together in equal harmony.”
In the first law, the law requires landlords to give at least 60 per cent of their rental property to the tenants and require the owners to provide the rent to tenants, who must pay their own share of the rent.
Dahlans previous law, passed in 2012, required landlords to provide half the rent for all tenants and tenants to pay half of the landlords rent.
Under the law, which takes effect on July 1, landlords must provide the same rent for both tenants and renters and owners must provide at least half the rental rent for each tenant and each tenant must pay half the landlord rent.
The first law also requires landlords, who have not provided tenants with a copy of their lease, to give the tenant at least two months’ notice before refusing to rent a unit.
Dahlans law also prohibits landlords from evicting tenants on the basis of their race or gender.
The next bill will add two more clauses to the existing laws, including that a landlord cannot evict a tenant for breaching a clause of a rental agreement.
“This law will help protect the rights of the tenants who have come to the notice of a landlord in the past and who have chosen to move into our state,” Dahlan said.
He said the law was a “precautionary measure” to prevent landlords from using the law to evict tenants.
“When the government comes to power, it will take care to create a situation in which every single tenant has equal rights and responsibilities, no matter who they are or where they come from,” Dahlans deputy prime minister, Nasser Juma, told reporters on Monday afternoon.
The government will introduce the bill on Tuesday.